Policy Type

Permissive (e.g., SCNT is specifically permitted under certain conditions)

Permissive Compromise (e.g., SCNT is prohibited; hESC research using supernumerary IVF embryos is specifically permitted or not prohibited)

Restrictive Compromise (e.g., hESC research only permitted using cell lines created before a certain date)

Prohibitive (e.g., research using embryos or cell products derived from embryos is prohibited)

*Finland is categorized with green and yellow stripes because the relevant law (The Act on Medical Research – No. 488/1999) does not consider the product of SCNT to be an embryo. This law explicitly allows for the use of supernumerary embryos for hESC research and it is understood that SCNT – as it is not prohibited – is permitted in the country.



United Kingdom Iceland Ireland Norway Sweden Finland Denmark Germany Netherlands Belgium France Spain Portugal Spain Corsica (France) San Marino Italy Poland Switzerland Austria Czech Republic Slovakia Hungary Slovenia Croatia Romania Moldova Bulgaria Greece Turkey Greece Georgia Russian Federation Estonia Latvia Lithuania Russian Federation Cyprus Greece